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International Seminar-Workshop on Integrated Lowland Development and Management

5 January 2010 8,944 views 8 Comments

UPDATES: PLEASE DO NOT HESITATE TO SUBMIT YOUR ABSTRACT FOR THE FOLLOWING  EVENT.  WE EXTEND THE DATE LINE FOR ABSTRACT SUBMISSION TO FEBRUARY 19, 2010

Indonesia avails over large lowland areas with an estimated area of about 33.4 million ha, out of which about 20 million ha is tidal lowland. Almost 4 million ha of the tidal lowlands have been reclaimed, partly by spontaneous settlers (about 2.4 million ha) and partly by Government schemes (about 1.8 million ha).

BrosurWorkshop

OBJECTIVES OF LOWLAND DEVELOPMENT & MANAGEMENT IN INDONESIA

As of origin of mega biodiversity in Indonesia, lowlands can be categorized into the conservation areas and the suitable developed areas by the reclamation process. Hydrologically the lowland areas differentiated into the tidal affected lowlands and the non tidal areas.

Conservation of lowland areas are protected by the national law due to several reason, ie. : mega biodiversity areas, deep peat areas, green belt, etc.

The spontaneous settlers in the lowland areas settled to find a new living in these areas. The spontaneous settlement dates from about hundred years ago, but the impression exist that also in recent years quite some spontaneous settlement has taken place. The first approach while they are dealing with the lowland environments, the settlers just to adapt to the hydrological condition and the surroundings.

There is no canals, structures, gates provided. After some times the settler realize the need of simple water management then they introduce small canals to drain the excess water and to let the tidal water comes in to their field (paddy field, coconut farm or aquaculture areas). This is primarily done by the Buginesse and Banjarees people in the old days Since 1969 the Indonesian Government was actively reclaiming lowlands.

The original objectives for these projects were:

  • to increase the national food production;
  • to support the transmigration programs;
  • to support facilitation of job opportunities;
  • to support equal distribution of regional development;
  • to increase export commodities in the agricultural sector.

The reclamation was generally based on a gradual long-term process. The features of the stages are: I. un-controlled & open channel, II. semi-closed & controlled, III. closed & fully controlled water management systems. This stage wise approach still deserves full support from other sectors, although the contents of the different stages will have to be modified in light of the present day conditions.

During 1985 – 1995 there were almost no new reclamations initiated by the Government, main focus was on improvement (phase II) of reclaimed areas. In 1996 the Government started with new reclamations in South and Central Kalimantan, mainly in river flood plains.

In these schemes, due to the different river water levels during the wet and the dry season, in addition to irrigation and drainage, also flood protection is required. Due to this already in the initial stage inlet and outlet structures had to be installed at the locations where the primary or secondary irrigation and drainage canals cross the dike.

So in fact these projects more or less directly start in phase II. It is not clear how the spontaneous settlement has developed during the past twenty years. The impression exists that the spontaneous settlement has been very substantial and that the area which is reclaimed by spontaneous settlers is significantly larger than the 2.4 million ha that has been used so far.

Better information on this aspect would be very interesting. Due to the political changes in the country during 1998 the new reclamations by the Government came to an end. However, because of the need to increase food production it will most probably be a must for the Indonesian Government to undertake new lowland reclamations in the future, together with phase II and later phase III developments, mechanisation in agriculture, and larger scale farming in the already reclaimed areas.

The actual roles of the Government in the framework of these developments may be subject to further considerations. The total population of 235 million people in Indonesia has promoted the need of food security within the nation as well as the food security within the house hold of the farmers. In light with the climate change and the uncertain weather, the people at risk has really to be consider in one side.

While the conservation of the natural resources are of concern on the other side. With a rapid change of the irrigated food production areas in highly populated areas of Java – Bali (about 40.000 ha / year), the important of the lowland development and management is really of our concern.

On the other side, an increase of population and an unbalanced of regional development has made people to concentrate leaving on certain cities, especially capital city within the lowland environment. This is one of the trigger of over exploitation of the lowland for the urban development areas.

UPDATES: PLEASE DO NOT HESITATE TO SUBMIT YOUR ABSTRACT FOR THE ABOVE EVENT.  WE EXTEND THE DATE LINE FOR ABSTRACT SUBMISSION TO FEBRUARY 19, 2010

For a complete information about this seminar/workshop please see the attach pdf booklet.

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8 Comments »

  • Md. Farid Ahmed said:

    Yth Bpk/Ibu,
    Assalamu alaikum wr. wb.

    I want to join the “International Seminar-Workshop On Integrated Lowland Development and Management.” How can i join this program , please inform me.

    Best regards

    Md. Farid Ahmed
    08112632868

  • admin (author) said:

    Dear Farid Ahmed,

    I am happy to know that you want to come to the event.
    Simply please fill out the pre-registration form with your indentity. Please send the filled form
    then we will further send you a more detail information about the event.

    You will have a good time to stay in Palembang .. a water front city ..

    best regards,
    Dr. Robiyanto H Susanto

  • Muhammad Nathan said:

    Dear Organizer,

    I’vejust read about the international seminar, therefore I just wonder if it is still possible to send the abstract of my paper about the ecotourism of Jeneberang River in South Sulawesi.
    Thanks for any attention.
    Regards,
    Muh. Nathan

  • admin (author) said:

    dear Muh Nathan, we extend the dateline for abstract submission to February 19, 2010. Please submit your abstract soon,

    regards,

    Dr Robiyanto H Susanto
    Chairman of the Organizing Committee

  • bangkit aditya said:

    yth pak roby,

    kalau saya membutuhkan informasi mengenai peraturan op rawa, saya harus mencari ke mana ya? saat ini saya sedang melakukan penelitian mengenai pengembangan sistem monitoring dan evaluasi op rawa. mohon pencerahannya. tks.

    salam,

    bangkit aditya

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